Assessment and management of hypertension in children and adolescents: part b – investigations and management
Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
Hassib Narchi Department of Paediatrics Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences United Arab Emirates University Al Ain United Arab Emirates
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Once the diagnosis of hypertension has been established in a child or an adolescent, the investigations to be requested need to include a search for the primary cause when secondary hypertension is suspected, the identification of associated and co-morbid conditions and the evaluation of target-organ damage. Instituting therapy should be based on clear indications, the choice of lifestyle and/or pharmacological treatment should be guided by the pathophysiology of the underlying mechanism and based on evidence-based guidelines.