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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 200-203

The prevalence of metabolic syndrome among hypertensive patients in Hadramout: A hospital-based study


1 Department of Medicine, College of Medicine and Medical Sciences (HUCOM), Hadramout University; Department of Medicine, Ibnseena Teaching Hospital; Department of Medicine, Al-Riyan Specialized Hospital, Mukalla, Hadramout, Republic of Yemen
2 Department of Medicine, Ibnseena Teaching Hospital; Department of Medicine, Al-Riyan Specialized Hospital, Mukalla, Hadramout, Republic of Yemen
3 Department of Medicine, College of Medicine and Medical Sciences (HUCOM), Hadramout University; Department of Medicine, Al-Riyan Specialized Hospital, Mukalla, Hadramout, Republic of Yemen
4 Department of Medicine, College of Medicine and Medical Sciences (HUCOM), Hadramout University, Mukalla, Hadramout, Republic of Yemen

Correspondence Address:
Rasheed Mohammed Bamekhlah
P.O. Box No. 8892, Mukalla, Hadramout
Republic of Yemen
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/HMJ.HMJ_20_19

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Background and Objectives: Hypertension (HTN) is one of the most common medical diseases worldwide, and it is one component of metabolic syndrome (MetS). The aim was to determine the prevalence of MetS among hypertensive patients. Subjects and Methods: A prospective hospital-based cross-sectional study conducted at Al-Rayan Specialized Hospital, Mukalla, Hadramout, Republic of Yemen, from February 2015 to April 2016. MetS was estimated according to the National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel criteria. Results: From 345 patients, 207 were diagnosed as MetS (60%), whose age was 57.9 ± 9.2 years and significantly higher than that of patients without the syndrome (44.7 ± 6.6) years (P < 0.0001). Males with the syndrome were significantly less than females (32.4% and 67.6%, respectively) compared with patients without, (odds ratio 0.28 95% confidence interval [0.18–0.44], P < 0.0001). As HTN was present in all studied patients, diabetes was more common MetS component in patients with the syndrome (79.2%), followed by the high waist circumference (76.3%), then high triglycerides (66.2%) and the least was low high-density lipoprotein (59.9%). There was 58% of patients with MetS had four MetS components, 32.8% with five and only 7.2% had only three components. Conclusion: The prevalence of MetS among hypertensive patients was high. It was more common in females and older age. Diabetes and central obesity were the most frequent syndrome components. More than half of the patients had >3 components, but a considerable number of patients were with the all 5 components.


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