• Users Online: 368
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 25-39

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (gerd) in children: from infancy to adolescence

Department of Pediatrics, University, Al Ain, UAE

Correspondence Address:
Sulaiman Bharwani
Department of Pediatrics Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, UAE University, P.O. Box 17666 Al Ain
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

The increased recognition of the difference between the adult and the pediatric populations in terms of the manifestation and the management of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), owes much to the number and nature of high quality clinical research and drug trials conducted in the past decade. The plethora of choices available to treat GERD is unprecedented. A primary care physician clearly understands the investigative and therapeutic options available, and some of the risks associated with them. What makes the physician wary is the absence of a) a clear objective definition of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in a pediatric population and b) sufficient data to support the use of the armamentarium available. The variety of definitions and terms used in the literature to define GERD adds to the confusion and results in a variety of approaches to manage it. In light of the new developments, the objective of the review is threefold, 1) to simplify as much as possible the current evidence based pediatric literature in defining GERD and its common presentations in the three distinct sub-populations of children as newborns and infants (0-12 months), toddlers and children (1-10 years), and adolescents (11-18 years). These cut-off periods are arbitrary and some overlap is inevitable, 2) to review the diagnostic and therapeutic tools available today, and 3) to effectively apply these tools and formulate pathways in some case scenarios, for the esophageal and extra esophageal GERD manifestation in the three distinct age groups specified above.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded50    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal