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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 119-127

Epidemiological study of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder among school children in the united arab emirates

1 University of New South Wales, Australia, Formerly Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, UAE University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
2 School Health and Primary Care Service, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
3 Department of Statistics, UAE University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
4 Department of Psychiatry, Al Ain Hospital, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
5 Department of Psychiatry, Ras Al-Khaima, United Arab Emirates

Correspondence Address:
Valsamma Eapen
Chair of Infant, Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, ICAMHS - Mental Health Centre, L1, Liverpool Hospital, Elizabeth Street, NSW 2170
United Arab Emirates
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background: While extensive research data is available on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) from industrialized countries, very few studies have been undertaken in the developing countries including the Arab world. Methods: A representative random sample of school children aged 5 to 16 years was evaluated for the prevalence of ADHD using the Conner Parent and Teacher Scale in Dubai, Al Ain and Ras Al-Khaima to represent the urban, semi-urban and rural population of UAE. Results: The rate of ADHD was 4.1% as per the parent report and 3.4% as per the teacher report. Children with ADHD were noted to have a range of psychiatric co-morbidity. Conclusion: Our findings suggest the importance of comprehensive and early screening program for ADHD and we hope that this data on the prevalence and associated factors can provide the basis for setting priorities and designing interventions.

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